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Fort Vrmac Hike in Kotor, Montenegro

Fort Vrmac Hike in Kotor, Montenegro

Complete guide to hiking to Fort Vrmac in the city of Kotor, Montenegro.

Looking for a unique, hidden gem adventure offering incredible views and some insight into Kotor’s fascinating history? Today I’ll let you in on just that, an epic short hike on the Vrmac mountain range ending at the best-preserved Austro-Hungarian fort in the Bay of Kotor.

Hiking in kotor, montenegro
Olly gaspar

By Olly Gaspar, full-time traveler & adventure photographer for 6 years with 700+ published travel guides. I visit every place I write about & share real tips from what I learn.

About Fort Vrmac

Fort Vrmac is a former fortification situated on the limestone mountain range called Vrmac. This is the mountain immediately west (opposite) the famous Kotor Fortress (St John's or San Giovanni Fortress).

The Austrians built this fort between 1894 and 1897 in their attempts to strengthen their defenses against Montenegrin rebellions. It features an impressive stone and concrete structure situated right on the top of the Vrmac mountain (785 m/2,575 ft).

While it is abandoned today, it did play a role in several conflicts throughout the past century, including action during World War I.

The fort is completely open to the public and there is no fee to enter or explore its surrounds or interior chambers.

Don't Miss: Best Things to do in Kotor, Montenegro

Fort vrmac in kotor, montenegro

How to get to the Fort Vrmac Trailhead in Kotor

While it is possible to drive to Fort Vrmac via the road from Troica to Gornja Lastva in Tivat, I recommend instead taking the short but steep hike from Muo, just opposite Kotor Old Town.

Not only is this a fun hike, but you'll also get the best possible views of Kotor Old Town from across the Boka (Bay of Kotor).

View of kotor bay from the fort vrmac trail, montenegro

The trailhead begins at the end of a short cul de sac road shared by the local police. Below I've pinned the exact location of the trailhead to help you find it.

Map of fort vrmac trailhead

Once you reach this point, continue up the road for about one hundred meters before you reach the concrete steps. Begin following these steps up the hill, passing some local houses on the way.

There'll be a series of steps to take and many wrap behind some residential homes. Don't worry, this is a shared walkway.

Soon, just before the last steps leading up to the P22 road, you'll see an unambiguous trail to your right. Follow this path and begin the series of switchbacks to the top of the Vrmac Ridge.

Vrmac fortress hiking trail, montenegro

Alternatively, for those with a car, you'll find a small place to park your car at the sharp bend on P22. From here, walk down one set of concrete steps and continue straight (don't turn right down the next set of steps).

Rental car in montengro at kotor bay viewpoint

How to Get Around in Montenegro

Rent a car! Montenegro is very safe for motorists, & you can drive across the entire country in less than 3 hours! Best of all, rental cars are very cheap (starting at €30) & easy to book by comparing rates across dealerships in Kotor and Budva using DiscoverCars.

The Fort Vrmac Hike

  • Hiking Distance: 8.5 km (5.2 mi) return
  • Duration: 2-3 hours return
  • Elevation: 510 m total elevation gain
  • Difficulty: Moderate

This hike is technically quite easy as the trail is well-graded and wide throughout the walk. While you will be climbing up the steep ridge for the majority of the hike, the trail features a series of continuous switchbacks all the way to the top.

This is very similar to the Ladder of Kotor hike on the other side of the bay.

Aerial image of the vrmac fortress hiking trail in kotor, montenegro

Climbing the Vrmac Mountain

After some initial confusion, we finally found the correct trail leading up to Fort Vrmac.

The elevation on this climb isn't very steep due to the long, winding turns. While nothing crazy, the ground is mostly rocky, with small-medium-sized stones on the inside of larger boulders forming a terraced trail.

Girl hiking in kotor

The first section of the trail begins in a dense forest but quickly breaks out to an exposed area. As you climb higher, you'll get increasingly better views of Kotor. We made several photo stops on the way up.

Eventually, the trail leads back into a forested section. There are a few shortcuts visible here. As a result, you can save some time by walking straight up on some sections.

Girl hiking in kotor, montenegro

Soon after entering the forest, you'll come to a derelict signpost indicating the way to the little-known Kotor Viewpoint and of course, Fort Vrmac.

Kotor forest hiking

The Kotor City Viewpoint

We decided to take the short, 5-minute detour to the Kotor Viewpoint before hiking all the way up to the fort.

We were very happy with this decision as the views here were phenomenal. The path leads out to a completely exposed area devoid of any trees blocking the view.

From here, you can see all of Kotor Bay, Muo, Kotor Old Town, and the famous fortress walls snaking up the hillside.

After admiring the view, we doubled back and continued up to the fort. Below is a photo of Kotor town taken from the viewpoint at night time.

View of kotor at night

Exploring Fort Vrmac

I'm not going to lie, exploring Fort Vrmac was a little bit scary. It definitely had a haunted vibe, with nature almost completely engulfing its dark, stone walls.

After walking around to the base of the ditch, we found the entrance and decided to explore the interior. As you might expect, it's completely dark in there, and some local bats gave us a bit of a fright.

Inside vrmac fortress, kotor

There are many hallways and rooms to explore, each a little eerier than the last.

What we didn't expect to find at this fort was another set of ruins directly opposite it. These are a series of concrete buildings with graffiti and smashed windows. They looked a little newer than the fort, and I'm not sure if they were built during the same period.

Old ruins near fort vrmac

Here, strangely we met lots of domestic farm animals, including potbelly pigs, cows, goats, chickens, and a few dogs. While we didn't see anyone around, we assumed that somebody lives up here with these animals.

Goat at sunset
Pigs in montenegro

Sunset from Mount Vmrac

Easily the highlight of this unexpected hidden gem was the view! From the top of this range, we were able to see over Kotor, the Troica Pass, and the Župa Valley and all the way out to the Adriatic Sea.

We spent a good hour snapping some photos and admiring the incredible sunset behind the mountains.

Sunset in kotor bay

Where to Stay in Kotor

The best places to stay in Kotor are the Old Town, Muo (west side of the bay), or Dobrota (east side of the bay).

If you're planning your trip, don't miss this up-to-date Kotor accommodation guide to find the best neighborhoods and hotel deals. Otherwise, below is a quick roundup of the top-rated picks & recommendations for every budget.

Blue kotor bay aerial view of outdoor areas

1. Blue Premium Spa Resort Luxury

An Amazing adults-only luxury spa resort overlooking Boca Kotorska.

Perla apartmani with kitchen and lounge area, split

2. Apartmani Art Karampana Mid-Range

A beautiful apartment in the Old Town district. Rated 9.7 out of 10 with hundreds of reviews.

Centrum hostel outdoor view with old town buildings

3. Centrum Hostel Budget

With hundreds of reviews, this is still the best-rated hostel for its location and vibe in Kotor Old Town.

Plan a Trip to Montenegro

Still in the planning stages of your trip to Montenegro? After traveling non-stop since 2018, these are the booking and travel resources that I always use to fully organize my independent travels.

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Flights: Find & compare flight deals to Montenegro using Skyscanner. Use the "search by month" feature to discover the cheapest day to fly.

Hotel icon

Hotels: Travelers will find the best hotel deals in Kotor or Budva by booking online on or Expedia. I recommend using the map feature to find the best places to stay.

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Hostels: When it comes to scoring epic deals on hostels and cheap stays your secret weapon is Hostelworld. If you're traveling to the Adriatic to meet people, use the “See Who's Going” function.

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Travel Insurance: HeyMondo is my top recommendation for travel insurance for Montenegro. They've got your back with comprehensive coverage, from unexpected flight hiccups to those "oops" moments. Click the link to get 5% OFF your policy.

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Internet & Connectivity: Stay connected as soon as you arrive in Montenegro with Airalo's eSIMS. Download their app and grab an eSIM from the comfort of your own home. There are even Europe-wide sims you can use that will work all over the continent.

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Tours & Unique Experiences: I always use GetYourGuide and Viator to plan ahead and lock in those must-see experiences & tours in Montenegro. So, whether you're exploring the Blue Caves or rafting in Europe's deepest canyon, these two sites have got you covered.

Rental car icon

Car Rental: Don't overpay for a rental at the airport. Compare rental car prices across all dealerships in Kotor or Budva. Use DiscoverCars to choose the perfect ride for your journey, whether it's a compact car or an SUV for cross-country adventures.

To learn more about independent travel to anywhere else in the world, read my ultimate step-by-step guide on how to plan a trip.

More Montenegro Travel Guides & Inspiration

I hope you've enjoyed this quick guide to hiking up Fort Vrmac in Kotor, Montenegro.

Below you'll find some more useful travel guides and inspiration for your adventures in this beautiful Balkan country.

Thanks for Reading

I'm Olly Gaspar, adventure travel journalist & photographer. Traveling non-stop since 2018, I've published over 700 travel guides on We Seek Travel. These draw on my personal experience to share unique itineraries, accommodation tips, & fun adventure guides covering hikes, viewpoints, beaches, waterfalls, & tours. Read my Publishing Ethics Statement.

Your feedback & updates are crucial to keep my guides factual & current. Got new info or updates? Drop a comment below or contact me directly.

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I only make genuine, worthwhile recommendations based on my experience, expertise, & research. If you buy through my links, I may get a commission, supporting this website at no extra cost to you.


Saturday 17th of June 2023

Hi! Could you email the pin for the trailhead? I don’t see it on the website.


Tuesday 2nd of May 2023

Were the dogs aggressive along the trail? Thanks!!

Olly Gaspar

Tuesday 2nd of May 2023

Not at all!


Friday 23rd of December 2022

Hey, I just explored the fortress and it m surprised you didn’t mention the 4 rooms full of women shoes. Any idea where they all come from?